Preparation—The skin around the surgical area will be clipped and scrubbed with an antiseptic. We
follow sterile procedures (surgical preparation, packs, and attire).
Monitoring—We further minimize anesthetic risk by monitoring heart rate and rhythm, respiration rate
and quality, oxygenation, and depth of anesthesia during the procedure.
Pain Management—We will proactively manage pain associated with any procedure with appropriate
pain management medications. As with any drug, side effects may be associated with their
In addition to a thorough physical examination, we recommend a pre-anesthetic blood panel on all pets
prior to anesthesia and require the blood panel if your pet is over 8 years of age. This blood panel
evaluates organ function. Because most anesthetic drugs are metabolized or removed from the body by
the liver and kidneys, it is important that these organs are working properly. These tests will be run in
the clinic prior to surgery. If any of the test results are abnormal, we will discuss the results and our
treatment recommendation with you. Normal results do not guarantee that your pet will not have an
adverse anesthetic reaction; however, the risks are minimized when we are aware of your pet’s internal
health status the day of surgery. If you have any questions regarding the blood panel or anesthesia,
please ask and we will be happy to answer them.